What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease occurs when the gums around the teeth become swollen, sore or even acutely infected. The two most common forms of gum disease are gingivitis, which results in swollen and bleeding gums, and periodontal disease, a problem which occurs in some patients as a result of long term or untreated gingivitis. Here, the supporting structure around the teeth is affected and can result in teeth becoming sore, wobbly and eventually tooth loss.
How Does Gum Disease Develop?
Most of us suffer from gum disease at some time in our lives. Gum disease is usually slow to develop and can be treated effectively. With the right dental care you have every chance of keeping your teeth and gums healthy.
Gum disease starts with a build-up of plaque. Plaque is the term used to describe the build-up of bacteria on and around the tooth surface. The daily build-up of plaque is inevitable and the initial bacteria that cause the build-up are harmless. If the plaque is left to mature however the bacteria that are found in the plaque change to more harmful ones resulting in the disease process starting. This is why we recommend brushing your teeth at least twice a day.
Certain factors, like smoking, can aggravate gum disease. This is because smokers have more bad bacteria in their mouths and infected gums heal slower, as smoking reduces the amount of oxygen in a person's bloodstream. It is widely accepted that smoking increases your chances of losing your teeth by 300% and is the leading cause of tooth loss in the UK.
Why is it Vital to Treat Gum Disease Immediately?
Gum disease will worsen if left untreated and can cause pain, infection, increased risk of heart disease and finally tooth loss. To avoid this, check for blood when brushing your teeth and watch out for bad breath, both are early signs of a problem. If you are worried, visit the Berkeley Clinic for an assessment. Our dental clinicians will check for indicators of periodontal disease and carry out a 3D scan of your gums if necessary.
How Can We Help if You Have a Gum Disease?
If you need treatment to cure your gum disease we will most likely treat you over a number of visits. Our team will give your teeth a thorough clean, removing the plaque and bacterial build up completely. We often recommend the use of special mouth rinses and on occasion antibiotics to help kill off the bacteria causing the disease.
The Berkeley Clinic in Glasgow is at the forefront of advanced dental technology. We use the Waterlase to treat advanced cases of periodontal disease that used to be considered hopeless to treat.
If you want to keep your smile healthy and happy regular dental checks and cleaning are essential.
Call today if you have concerns about bleeding gums, bad breath or have been told you have gum disease and are worried.